10.27.12

Freedom in Kant

The present article retraces the question of the freedom in Kant, who must be seen in the relation with the practical philosophy of the right. Therefore, it interests to need the concept internal and external freedom, relating the first one with the beginning of the autonomy, as well as the distinction between moral and right. Initially, to show that the freedom is a pure rational concept that if finds detached from the experience completely. Second, to emphasize that the freedom concept proves its existence through laws derived from the pure reason for efetivao of choices, that are deriving of practical principles. I will conclude that the freedom is basic point of all the kantiano system and condition of the moral law, and that the state in the quality of external freedom guarantees the coexistence of the individual freedoms.

Word-key: Kant, freedom, right, moral, state. Abstract: This article you tell issues of freedom in Kant, which must be seen in relation you the practical philosophy of law. Therefore, it is interesting you defines the concept of freedom internal and eXternal, relating you the first principle of autonomy well the distinction between morality and law. Initially, you the show that freedom is pure rational concept which is completely disconnected from the experience. Second, you emphasize that the concept of freedom you prove its existence by laws derived from pure reason will be the execution of choices, which ploughs derived from practical principles. Conclude that freedom is basic point of the entire system and condition of the moral Kantian law, and that the state the individual guarantor of freedom outside the coexistence of liberties. Key words: Kant, freedom, law, moral, state. 1 Introduction Of beginning, becomes necessary to stand out that the freedom is a pure rational concept, that is, this means that it meets detached from the experience completely.

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10.24.12

Carnival: Freedom Or Libertinism

As ship that sails in sea and the water of the ocean does not obtain to penetrate inside of it, therefore it was planned and structuralized to resist great secular and torrents of winds impetuous, thus are children of God, because they are in the world, but not belong it, nor neither are ludibriados or involved by information liars propagated through the press spoken and writing, that shows the carnival as being a traditional and reverenciada party for that they proclaim the total and unrestricted freedom, where the taboo in addition is applauded by the folies and it does not have space for shyness or ' ' caretisse' '. Everything is allowed in the CARNEVAL, with exception of censorship and restrictions. It will be this freedom or libertinism? It has two theories that they point with respect to origin and meaning of the word carnival. It would have had origin in Latin carnevale (carne+vale = carne+adeus), and would be the assignment of ' ' Gorda&#039 tuesday; ' the last day of the Christian calendar where it is allowed to eat meat, a time that, in the following day, it is initiated Quaresma. Already the second theory is fixed in affirming that the word Carnival comes of Carrus Navalis, for influence of the parties in honor of Dionsio, where an car, with an enormous large barrel, distribua wine to the people in old Rome. Many of the carnavalescas celebrations are sufficiently older of what the proper Christian religion, having been white of different manifestations throughout history. In the deep one, all the carnivals are reminiscncias of the dionisacas parties of Old Greece, of the bacanais of Rome and the balls of masks of the Renaissance we were made for the louvor of the glory of God, and therefore we must honor you in whom to make, not leaving to attempt against for the principles that It established in its word.

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10.18.12

The Freedom

According to moralista Kant, the not only effective reason as power to decide, but also exerts its force on the will, wants imposing, wants constrangendo, wants coercing. The external freedom is basic condition so that the state can exert through the right the coercion of the individual will. The state has the function to guarantee the coexistence of the individual freedoms. In this context, when the state punishes the agent who if finds threatening the freedom of another one, removing it of the social conviviality, is glimpsed, a freedom annulling to another one, that is, the external freedom through the state, annulling the individual freedom (internal) of the agent. The legal law destines it rational beings that do not act of course in compliance with it, having in the corresponding categorical imperative its exemplary formula of execution.

The man is under the legal law in way that its freedom meets in the idea, submitted to the conditions of the external legislation, according to which the will of a man can be jointly coexistente with the will of another in agreement man a universal law. When conceiving, in the idea, the limits of the freedom of each man with regard to all the actions of its fellow creatures, reciprocal and mutually compatible between itself, Kant supply the intrinsic bedding of the right that legitimizes the physical coercion morally as motivation for the observance of the legal laws. As my freedom is of beforehand conditional the other people’s action, subsistindo each one of them morally for the convivncia of the external freedom according to universal laws, all coercion that if opposes to any one of my action, practised in disrespect to such conditioning, is not unjust. This means that the act coercitive, delimiting physically a external freedom to the scope where the freedom of action of each man meets in any morally conditional way for the categorical imperative right it, does not harm its free-will, no matter how hard it can affect its physicist.

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10.10.12

Education City

British Examinations Council City & Guilds is in Russia today, about 100 centers, from universities such as the Department of Foreign Languages, Moscow State University, to state and municipal schools or private language schools and courses, as well as industrial companies, such as, Shell on Island. And many of them work successfully as the International Examination Centres City & Guilds for over 12 years. City & Guilds also has a few in Russia major regional centers, which help to open up and start new local centers. This is particularly useful for small centers in remote cities and districts. Regional Centers City & Guilds are preparing, as a rule, more number of candidates for international exams, as well as provide help and support from local local centers.

British Examinations Council City & Guilds with their British staff provides a Russian centers of City & Guilds for independent international examinations approved by the uk Government. In this case, the British Examinations Council City & Guilds does not itself lead to Russia any educational activities, courses or training, but only provides its centers of examination papers and other documentation. Applications for the status of the International Examination Centre City & Guilds are welcome from any educational institution or employer. With the new center of City & Guilds accredited City & Guilds face of the contract is signed, providing for a quota on the number of candidates to pass an international exam, providing conditions for the exam, providing the center of methodological and other documentation. Public or private schools, English courses, company or organization, duly registered with tax bodies are also agencies and employers. They tend to have a license for educational activity. And for them is no problem to become a Centre City & Guilds, no.

And how to be a teacher or group of teachers of English language, which are engaged in tutoring, but want to open your Center City & Guilds? There is a way – to register as an individual entrepreneur in accordance with Article 48 of the rf Law 'On Education' from 10.07.1992 3266-1. This requires no extra costs time or money. Note that according to Part 2 of Article 48 of the rf Law 'On Education' self-employed educational activity is not licensed, regardless of the number of trainees at a time (the group), or a total of people. In paragraph 2 of the Regulation on licensing of educational activity (approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 31 March 2009 277) states that are not subject to licensing a) educational activities in form of single lectures, internships, seminars and other types of education is not accompanied by final certification and issuance of certificates of education and (or) training, b) self-employed educational activities, including in the field of training. That is, the tutoring services not subject to licensing. The teacher, in the case of registration as a private entrepreneur, determines the cost of paid service, organizing the collection of money for services, pay rent, is the need to incorporate, pay taxes. The most rational is the use of a simplified tax system – no need to keep accountant and do not require specific cost accounting, because accounting and reporting documents, you can entrust a specialized accounting firm.

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10.6.12

Freedom

A young bird had passed all its life in a bird cage, this also was the sina of its parents and its grandmothers, the poor one only knew the life that its bird cage encircled. The young bird was happy, everything that it needed found there, water, food, the life was good, but something would happen, and went to transform its life. Certain day the bird received a visit unexpected, was a butterfly, it already had seen other creatures as that one, but none if had approached in such a way, if it felt fascinated by that creature completely who as well as it also flied, was as if it was in settles, the creature was of a odd beauty, it flied, and it did not have river steamer, of where it came? It asked itself, its curiosity was as much that soon the butterfly perceived, and then it was come close, the bird soon asked: Of where you come? The butterfly then counted things to it on an immense world beautiful e, said on freedom and other things, but the young bird did not know the word freedom, that difficult word to explain! Hours had been talking, in the end of the colloquy freedom not a word was more alone, but an obsession, in the following day the magnificent creature visits who it did not come back, and all that colloquy seemed to have been only one dream. Certain day, the door of the bird cage was opened, must have forgotten thus, the bird did not think two times, was to know to such of the freedom. To such freedom she was fascinating, but also frightful, and exactly astonished with the beauties of the world that existed of the side of is of the bird cage, the bird came back. if it did not feel prepared for so great transformation, free being is to be responsible for its existence, tormented it to this, therefore its bird cage was the poor bird there in return, but never more a bird cage, not after would be alone to know the freedom, now had another connotation, the poor person made the terrible discovery of that an arrest is only recognized, when already was of it, therefore never more it would be felt in house. Many springs if had passed, the bird already were not younger, if had become a creature tormented for its choices, the dream of being tormented it exempts it in such way, that already more it did not sing, everything that wanted was to be able to come back behind, if this chance was granted to it, perhaps never it had returned its bird cage, or perhaps never it had left.

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10.1.12

Freedom, What It Means Today For The People

Since the historical moments, the freedom was considered as an act of finally living in peace, a good example for such reason would be the emancipation letter in which the slave to be free of its owner allowed and to make of its life what he really wanted. However the freedom is today not seen of this skill for the opposite, it is seen of bad eyes, therefore we are not speaking of such freedom where so that it could be reached was necessary very work and sweat, not, we are speaking of the act of as to use this word with the others why to each step that the human being of, more disrespect is acquired, more ignorance is exerted. Thus the world if became great joguinho people who have better capacities being they in all the aspects, where mainly financial finishes using its freedom to bank one of ' ' superior' ' it has those that do not possess as much chance. The conclusion of everything is that the people are using the freedom of missed form, being that our ancestor had cost to get it and to prevent problems and future situations that are happening now as: wars, terrorism, constant destruction and enter excessively, what it leads to the reader to think: ' ' What he will be of all daqui the 15 years? ' ' ' ' Not. Daqui the 50 years? ' ' Something will go to happen obviously, but it will be good? it will be bad? We fit only to decide.

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