Following the same trajectory of the developed countries, the sprouting, in mass, of new technologies, in the arrival of century XX, it demanded the knowledge of the written language, not more as goal of desirable knowledge, but, as true condition of survival and conquest of the citizenship. It was in the context of the great cultural, social transformations, politics, economic and technological that appeared the term ' ' letramento' ' , extending, thus, the direction of what traditionally it was known for alfabetizao. (TO SOUND, 2003). , Currently so important how much to understand the functioning of the writing system, it is to be able to engage itself in practical social scholars, answering to the inevitable apelos of a grafocntrica culture. We perceive that, while the alfabetizao if it occupies of the acquisition of the writing for an individual, or group of individuals, the letramento focuses the aspects partner-descriptions of the acquisition of a society (TFOUNI, 1995). 3 the GREAT CHALLENGE IN the PROCESS OF LETRAMENTO In accordance with Piaget (1979), in the case of the development of the reading and writing, the difficulty to adopt the point of view of the child was so great that we completely ignore the manifestations evidentes of the infantile attempts to understand the system of the writing. From 1980, the pertaining to school alfabetizao in Brazil started to pass for new questionings, however, of this making, the focus of the quarrels was the emergency of new conceptions in the alfabetizao model, based in the result of research in the area of the cognitiva psychology and the psicolingustica, that showed the necessity of if understanding the functioning of the alphabetical systems of writing and knowing to use them in real situations of communication and writing, preventing, since already, the call functional illiteracy and compelling the change in the educational base: the alfabetizao. We have that to currently face the hard educational reality in our country, to start, for example, for the examination of the ENADE, where we notice that, according to university research, the pupils, you give to conclude superior education, do not know to decide questions of logical reasoning, that, currently, are applied for the ones of initial series; they also do not obtain to interpret simple texts and at least to decide basic mathematical operations (division and multiplication).

| January 26th, 2023 | Posted in General |

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