Middle Ages

There are two main types of sculpture: a round sculpture, which is freely placed in space, and topography, where the image is located on the plane, which forms its backdrop. By the works of the round sculpture normally requiring the circular view, include: a statue (the figure in the growth), group (constituting a single unit, two or more pieces), the statuette (the figure is much smaller than actual size), torso (image of the human torso), bust (bust of a man). Landforms vary depending on its purpose and position in the architectural plane (fascia, front track, canopy, etc.). Height and depth images subdivided into low reliefs – bas-relief, high – high relief, in-depth and kontrrelefy. Content and features a sculpture is divided into monumental-decorative easel and the so-called small-scale sculpture. Although these variety of sculpture developed in close collaboration, each of them has its own peculiarities.

Monumental and decorative sculpture designed for specific architectural and spatial or natural environment. It has a pronounced social character, addressed to the masses of spectators, is housed primarily in public places, streets and city squares, in parks, on the facades and interiors of public buildings. Monumental and decorative sculpture is intended to specify the architectural image, add to the expressiveness of architectural forms with new shades. The ability of monumental and decorative sculptures to solve large ideological and imaginative problem with special fullness revealed in the works, which are called monumental, and are commonly referred city of monuments, memorial buildings. Skulpturs not directly is connected with the architecture, the halls of exhibitions, museums, residential interiors, where it can be viewed up close and in detail, it is a common medium. Thus defines the features of the plastic language of sculpture, its size, favorite genres (portrait, genre, nudes, animal genre). Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with novelist.

Skulpturs to a greater extent than the monumental and decorative, are inherent interest in the inner world of man, thin psychology, narrative. Small sculptures include a wide range of products designed primarily for residential interiors, and largely closed with arts and crafts. Go to small sculptures also belong to the coin medals and gems. Purpose and content of works of sculpture determine the nature of its plastic structure, while she, in turn, influences the selection of a sculptural material. Of natural features and processing methods the latter largely depends on technique of sculpture. Soft material (clay, wax, clay, etc.) are used for modeling, with the most commonly used tools are wire rings and stacks. Substances liable to move from liquid to solid (various metals, plaster, concrete, plastic, etc.) are used for casting sculptures with the help of specially prepared forms. To play sculptures in metal, also resorted to electroforming. In the form of unmelted metal for sculptures is processed by forging and stamping. To create a ceramic sculpture used special types of clay, which is usually covered with painted or colored glaze and fired in special kilns. Color in the sculpture found a long time: a well-known painted sculpture of antiquity, the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque. Sculptors 19-20 centuries. generally satisfied natural color of the material, resorting to appropriate only to its one-color tint, tone. Schematically, the process of creating sculptural works can be separated into several stages: modeling (plasticine or clay), sketch and sketch from nature, making the frame for the dealer sculpture or a shield for the relief (iron rods, wire, nails, wood), work on a rotating machine or vertically fortified shield over the model in a given size, making a clay model in plaster with the help of 'black' or 'lump' form, casting, metal stamping, followed by; platinirovka or touch-up sculptures.

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Panzer Army Group

In addition, part of the 2nd Field and the 2nd Panzer Army Group "Center" under the command of Field Marshal von Kluge in the balance of forces in the infantry superior Soviet forces in tanks and artillery, more than twice. This ignorance cost the lives of thousands of command officers and men … 'The idea was based on the coverage of the offensive of the enemy armies of five and one cavalry corps of the Kalinin Front in the north from the area north-west in the direction of Rzhev Sychevka, Vyazma and nine armies and two Cavalry Corps of the Western Front from the south of the region of Kaluga in Yukhnov, Vyazma, and Sychevka Gzhatsk with simultaneous performance of other armies on the Western Front and Sychevka Gzhatsk. Surround, divide and destroy the main forces of Army Group "Center" in the Rzhev Vyazma, Yukhnov, Gzhatsk '. In accordance with the plans Betting WMC to help the advancing troops behind the German lines had to be planted large landing. Actions landing mostly fit into the pre-war military doctrine of the Red Army: the main task was to complete the encirclement of German grouping, overlapping railway and highway Vyazma – Smolensk, as well as prohibition of reserves to the encircled German units from other sectors. Start Rzhev-Vyazma operation was quite successful: by the end months of the Kalinin Front was released on the approaches to Smolensk, and the three armies of the Western Front (43rd, 49th and 50th) began with the north and south surrounding German forces in the area Yukhnov. .

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Latin America

Do you have trouble understanding of mathematics? Even if you study, are the results bad? Tranquilizate. It may not be your fault. Because you say this? If your look at our traditional education model matematicapodras you realize that operates in this manner: 1) the teacher arrives. It explains the class. students little or nadaparticipan in the development of the subject. (2) The teacher arrives. Applies a test. He is not verified if all students have come to understand him fully.

Result: a total massacre. (50 Students only 5 approved). Sen. Sherrod Brown understands that this is vital information. (At the end the motto becomes: 1) you learned. learned. 2) Which reprobo. reprobo. (for bad). This happens much especially in the early years of universidaden those professions such as engineering and related.

Now I wonder do you think that this is teaching? I don’t think so. So how our education should aim? There is a better option: 1) the teacher arrives. explains the class and at the same time you daparticipacion to the student, but not to humiliate but to that aprendade actively.(gives participation in the) Board). Read additional details here: James Donovan Goldman Sachs. (2) The master llega.verifica that alsoperformed all have understood and applied the test. At the end: all learning for life. This is possible? Of course Yes. In Japan it are doing long overdue results conexcelentes.(the Japanese students are mejoresy not only in mathematics but in many areas more). Be implemented this model in any country in Latin America? If. Now what they are doing in chile through an enconvenio with the Japan program, with excellent results in children deprimaria.(congratulations to the Chilean country, is on track). I hope in the near future this model is this implemented in more countries, obviously adapted to the reality of each one.

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Russia Civilization

One had the feeling that the oversaturated so serious Blame the beginning was to discourage the transfer of the famous archaeologist, and inspire viewers to pre-biased assessment of what is happening. But when the seemingly perfect readiness, the organizers of the program was allowed a very serious miscalculation. With an abundance of information discrediting Arch, with some clever juggling facts at a constant call to their everyday Russian question "national idea" could be observed lack of knowledge of the historical material, fact-the absence of specific examples. As a result, the first round it, so to speak, a fight went completely unconvincing and, moreover, a failure – just from the standpoint of journalism. Alexander Gordon – unfortunately – could not create any interesting debate, neither at least, spicy, lively discussion. All the action came down to a rather offensive, but entirely unconvincing claims to an unpleasant dispute with the strange pseudo-scientific arguments and outright provocation in the repulsion side of the nationalist ideas. "The fight against windmills," which is a dramatic transfer basis, "Gordon Quixote," rather reminiscent of a boxing "shadow boxing", where strikes are in void. Alexander Gordon. It seems to me that without good reason, albeit with good intentions, in order to save civilization from the attacks found, you was invented and put into the world of history that Arch can be … for the national idea of Russia, because it produces all of us: the Russian people and especially the Slavs, who live in Russia – from the most ancient representatives of civilization (including the European civilization) from the ancient Aryans.

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