Regional Legislative Assembly

The prosecutor's office of Novgorod region in the I half of 2010 on the results of the study of more than 5 thousand regulations and their projects, has identified 698 corruption-generating factors, the press service. factors contained in 13 legal acts of the Government of the Novgorod region, two projects of normative legal acts of the Regional Legislative Assembly (OZS) and 534 regulatory legal acts of local government. As a result of intervention prosecution of corruption-generating factors are excluded from the 385 regulations and their projects. As before, the highest number of corruption-generating factors revealed in normative legal acts regulating budgetary legal and in compliance with the rights, freedoms and duties of man and citizen, to exercise control and oversight functions. The most common continuing to be factors associated with unduly broad discretion to limit government, municipal authorities and their officials, the definition of competence according to the formula right. " The district prosecutor, ma .

| Posted in General | Comments Off on Regional Legislative Assembly

The Past

In contrast to the custom of (public law) the right – it is also artificially embedded phenomenon, like state. Perhaps check out Sen. Sherrod Brown for more information. It was created by the state, is a means of registration of political decisions and has never been something existing in parallel to the state. R. Stammler notes in this regard: "law enforcement is not created by nature, it expresses the ambition of one man to rise above and rule over others, and the experience of history in this regard is telling us is that in the past, as in the present, people obeyed, and commanded "19. Meaningless academic dispute between the two theories: the primacy of law and the primacy of the state. Not the right shapes public policy and public policy is vested in the legal form. Therefore, the state – a political organization, the right to which is the only tool for influencing the control objects (the life of the people, economy, agriculture, etc.).

The expression of pp Pustorosleva, "will and power States, acting by means of the supreme state body – that's the only creators of the legal order or law "20. The idea of self-restraint of the state they also create the right (G. Jellinek) laid apparent contradiction. Not being a bearer of moral qualities of the human person, the state as a social organization, thus unable to make a moral choice: whether to act in accordance with the legal regulations or in spite of them. In this case, it will be guided exclusively on political expediency rather than the letter or spirit of legal norms.

| Posted in General | Comments Off on The Past

Geneva Conventions

Nowadays we often see in the media the word Copyright. Icon tied for any information of an intellectual nature – articles, at the end or the beginning of videos on the cover of the dvd, etc. In this article I will To you about copyright and icon , and we will try to justify to themselves what is often said, but not always respected. 🙂 So, let's begin. What exactly is Copyright? Copyright word consists of two words – Copy and Right, which translates to English as a "copy" and "right." icon means not copyright, as many people. Here, Ohio Senator expresses very clear opinions on the subject. It means that the person named after the icon has the right to publish and distribute the material. That is – this icon confirms the right of copying and distribution, but not authorship. For example, after I finish writing this article, I'll put your name in the end or the first publication, this article on international standards, my work falls under the protection of copyright law.

If I write an article for which he earned the money that is made to order, I'll be the author, and the customer will be able to distribute it, putting his copyright under the article. How to put the copyright? Here are three pieces that make up Copyright: Strictly icon . Instead, you can use the letter C in brackets (C). The name of the copyright owner. Year when the work published vpervye.Dalee – 2 examples: llc "Energotehservis", 2009 2009-2050 llc Energotehservis "Notice in the second example given two dates. This means that the material published from 2009 to 2050. You can also specify the year of publication separated by commas.

This form of guidance Copyright the Geneva Conventions in 1952. Today assumes no legal load, and the character is for informational purposes. What is not subject to copyright? Now let's think that it can not be subject to Copyright? Messages purely informative nature, such as television programs, news, train schedules, train arrival announcement in the subway and so on. Absolutely any government securities, including our constitution:) State symbols and insignia. Folk art in all forms. This refers to objects that do not have specific authors. Ideas, discoveries, facts, concepts, programming languages, and Principles for the so- on. About the media. Further, we note that the copyright in any way connected with the carrier, which is, for example paper, cd or flash drive. That is, if I give a neighbor the stick on which written my articles, it does not mean that with flash I give him a copyright on them. As a variant of the exceptions is perhaps worth noting the manuscript. This information is closely connected with the carrier. This means that getting through inheritance notebook, as Pushkin, I will have the right to property, but not copyrighted.

| Posted in General | Comments Off on Geneva Conventions

Consumer Protection

3. If you have already lost confidence in this model, a toaster, but the warm slices of toast in the morning you still enticing, you can ask the seller to replace your unit for the same, but different model, or even a different brand. However, if he turns out to be more expensive, you have to pay the difference. But if you choose cheaper model, the difference returned to you. 4. May happen that after all this to you and toasters do not want to watch. Then, instead of all of the above you can just require the seller paid for the good sum of money. As you can see, the legislator tried to ensure that you – the consumer, were the most protected.

But that's not all. In accordance with Art. 7, Article. 18 of the Law on Consumer Protection, you may require the seller to pay all damages incurred by you in the sale of goods of inadequate quality. For example, if you bought a sofa-book extra payment for his delivery, and then discovered that he had defective folding mechanism, you can refer to the seller to request a refund, not only for himself sofa, but also to reimburse the cost of delivery. It should be noted that the requirements relating to product defects, may be brought against the persons concerned in terms prescribed by law. There are warranty terms and expiration dates. Expiry dates are set for such products, such as food, household chemicals. Therefore, if you have spoiled sausages, which you kept in accordance with the directions on the package, and the expiration date has not expired, you may well ask the store where you purchased this sausage, and demand to return the paid money for it.

| Posted in General | Comments Off on Consumer Protection

Russian Federation

Contract for the provision of legal aid is in writing in two copies – one for each side. Each copy must be read and signed by each party personally or through a representative, whose authority must be confirmed by a power of attorney. To such a contract may be attached to the minutes. When circumstances arise that require documentation of the additional agreement to the contract or a new contract. Signing of the contract must be preceded by approval of its terms by the parties, checking the correctness and accuracy of the information (dates, numbers, names, details, etc.) specified in the contract. Agreeing on all terms legal assistance and signed a contract to make payment of the Executive (the lawyer).

There are two basic ways to determine the remuneration for providing legal aid. The first is the hourly pay of the Executive (the lawyer). With hourly pay remuneration determined by the number of hours spent on the response to the request for legal assistance under this considered only the time directly spent on the response to this request. Time spent on activities related to the execution order (the travel time, waiting for hearing in court, the time spent on analysis of legislation, etc.), but not the subject of the contract payment is not refundable. With hourly billing prepayment, its size is determined by the expected number of hours spent on the execution order.

In If the amount of prepaid hours exceed the amount actually spent, undeveloped portion of the fee shall be returned to the principal. The second way is to establish a fixed amount of remuneration for legal assistance. The amount of remuneration is determined by project cost performance of the commission, which takes into account the complexity of the case and includes the time taken by the Executive for the provision of legal aid costs such assistance. When determining the remuneration and its size should take into account the opinion of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation expressed in Resolution Constitutional Court of 23.01.2007 1-P, namely: in the current legal regulation of the relations of compensated rendering of legal services they are not expected to meet the requirements of the Executive on the remuneration under the contract of compensated rendering of services, unless this requirement justified by the condition that puts the size of payment services, depending on the court decision to be taken in the future. This means that the customer (the principal) pays only for work performed by the Executive (a lawyer), but not decisions made in the case of government agencies and institutions. Thus the size and the payment of compensation can not depend on decisions made by state authorities, because they are not made by the Executive (Counsel) and, accordingly, are outside its competence. Determining the amount of remuneration must choose a way of disbursements. Remuneration can be made as bank transfer through a bank, and by making cash (through cash or bank transfer) at the expense of legal practice, law firm. Calculation with lawyers in private practice is carried out by direct transfer cash, in this case, the executor is obliged to issue a receipt stating the amount of funds received, date received, from whom on account of which received such funds. Thus, the fulfillment of the requirements law when entering into and performance of the contract for legal aid cuts risks of infringement of lawful rights and interests of the parties to such agreement. In turn, knowledge about the contract is prerequisite for the execution of the above requirements.

| Posted in General | Comments Off on Russian Federation

HOA Has No Right To Check How Many People Live In An Apartment !

A53-2613/2010 Court dismissed the claims of society on the Recognition and illegal cancellation of management to involve society in the administrative proceedings under Part 2 of Article 14.8 of the Administrative Code of the Russian Federation in the form of fines, as society as a contract to manage the apartment building including conditions that infringe upon the rights of consumers (recovery) at the company that manages the apartment building, has been fined for inclusion in the contract conditions infringe the rights of consumers (tenants of the house). She appealed to the court. The District Court found the imposition of a fine and have a legitimate following. According to one of the conditions of the contract management company was entitled to a utility payments on the number of persons living in the apartment. This right arises when determining the fact of her residence in an apartment sobstvennikalits not registered in this room, and the non-payment for them platy.Pereraschet made after appropriate verification, making the act owner. As pointed out by the district court, the management company not entitled trebovatzaregistrirovat citizens living in the accommodation and check the facts . Accordingly, she had no right to include such a condition vdogovor to manage the apartment building.

| Posted in General | Comments Off on HOA Has No Right To Check How Many People Live In An Apartment !