Brazilian Thought

One of the problems verified in this practical is that, in agreement says the author, ' ' the attitude conservative is absent of criteria (…) ' '. When conciliating opposing teses? trace of the tolerance that in them is characteristic? what it is strengthened is, in truth, to suppress the oppositions thus, giving place what the author calls ' ' Conciliadora&#039 reason; '. as this practical is unprovided of critical criteria, is created varied modismos and the new sprouting of ' ' ismos' ' from time to time, agregadores of followers whom nor know accurately what they mean, but that, to show that they are current, have to adhere to last ' ' ismo' ' en vogue, giving origin to a colorful cosmopolitismo. Most lamentable it is that the recent philosophical chain fashions nothing have to see with the Brazilian reality, with our urgencies and necessities. In a question-answer forum Richard Blumenthal was the first to reply. In this the author laments when writing: ' ' The literature of a foreign writer, the predilection for a book of is comes to decide the nature of the opinions of an actor between-ns.' ' Thus, the brazilian intellectual wants to be recognized for what she is not, a time that finds worthless and ackward the reality surrounds that it.

Worse of what to promote the conciliation doing without itself any critical criterion, the divergences that escape simply to the conciliation possibility are suppressed of philosophical literature, becoming subject without place. The problems without solution, when appear, simply? they add? of the philosophical questioning. Exemplificando: somebody, verifying that it does not have conditions to face the problem, starts to ignore it and to dissimulate that it does not exist. Additional information is available at Connecticut Senator. In Brazil, the study of Philosophy exists yes. It between-we exist, therefore the work of the national studious universities and in this field of the knowledge is undeniable. However, it does not have that to say in a philosophy ours originarily, a time that, as said previously, what we limit in them to make is only to conciliate what already it exists and, while such, impossible the creation of a Brazilian thought. . For other opinions and approaches, find out what Harold Ford, Memphis TN has to say.

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The Lie the act to lie if daily shows gift in the life of the humanity. Polidez, omission, education, strategy, self-control, dissimulation, irony, eufemismo, affection, hiprbole, compliment, politics and emotional intelligence, as well as plastic surgery, silica use, smoothing of hair and suti of bulge, constitute some ways found for the people to use the lie, the enganao, that is, one form to hide the essence for the appearance, practical so valued in modern times. The children, for example, like to say what they think, however are hindered by the parents, which teach they ' ' social rules of convivncia' ' , that they do not pass of marks of the inverdade in the interpersonal relations. But this does not disclose one ' ' privilgio' ' but of the human beings, it has seen that the animal irrationals also camouflage, its canine tooth dissimulates and is deceptive, everything to be survived, as well as makes the individuals. Educate yourself with thoughts from Richard Blumenthal. Of this form, it is observed that great part of the people if shows hypocritical when it affirms that it hates the lie, since it has lain every day for itself and the others. Being thus, one becomes necessary to argue philosophical the action to hide the truth, because many truths do not even pass of lies consolidated for the autoengano, therefore, as they say the genius Axe of Assis and a Chinese saying, respectively, ' ' the life of what swims inebriates more the wine of verdade' ' ' ' a stocking-truth is always a lie inteira' '. Nobody must, for these reasons, if to intitle owner of the truth, nor to use the lie of unscrupulous form, has seen that all need the search for the mannering ethics, by means of the agreement of that the critical reflection of the actions can promote essential sociocultural transformations to the human being and the world where it lives. Jean Carlos Neris de Paula.

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Social Public Politics

In Portuguese, the word ' ' poltica' ' if it in such a way relates to the process of dispute for positions and negotiation of interests in the society how much to the implementation of specific governmental actions, in the area of education, health, environment, reduction of the poverty, and others. It enters the diverse public politics (the economic one, the ambient one, of science and the technology and others), pblica appeared the concept of social politics as a tipologia of politics whose agreement if expressed through a set of principles, lines of direction, objectives and norms, of permanent and including character, that guides the performance of the public power in one determined area. It is possible to think about social politics in terms of three great types, or generations. The first generation is formed by the politics of magnifying and social extension of the benefits and rights. In the case of Brazil, them if they initiate in the decade of 30, with the creation of the first laws of protection to the worker and the first institutions of social welfare, and culminates, can be argued, with the Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988 (CRFB/88), that it consecrates an ample set of social rights in the area of the education, health, protection to the worker, and others. The CRFB/88 officially instituted the system of social seguridade in Brazil, based on the tripod providence, health and social assistance, and through its article 195, the sociedade through budgetary resources of the Union, the States and the Municpios defined its financing for all, beyond the social contributions of employers (leves of wages, invoicing and profits), of workers and prescriptions of competitions and prognostics (lotteries). This normalization had great importance in what it says respect to the politics that integrate the system, therefore from the constitution was recognized the right to the social protection due for the State as universal (the all citizen), independently of previous contribution to the system, and it established organizativas structures of democratic character for its funcionamento (advice, deep, commissions, conferences, and others). .

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The human being makes everything for interest. Gratuitousness in its gestures, action or positions does not exist. It makes, always it says and if it relates from personal interests. It is truth that somebody could object, saying that: ' ' I am not thus. I make things in my interest, but also I defend the interests of others. When I make good actions or I help somebody, I do not make it thinking about me, but in whom it receives the good that fao' ' The reply to these objections it is born of the investigation: When this person makes the good, makes this really thinking about the other or thinking that the other will devote gratitude to it? She makes the good, he is solidary, she helps the needed ones, because they need or because she will feel herself well with its conscience? We come back to our affirmation: always, in that we make what it moves in them are our interests. Nor always they are economic interests.

Nor always they will be stingy interests. Nor always they will be interests unprincipled people, antiethical, self-centered. But always we act for our interests. It is the case of solidarity. What it moves in them to be solidary is not the necessity of the other, but our necessity not to be badly with our conscience.

Not to be with the conscience in accusing not to have done what we could have done is that we make what we make, in the solidarity acts. Other times we make the good because this most becomes in them accepted in the society. E, even so is not an act of would mesquinharia, thinks thus: ' ' I go to make what all wait that I make therefore if not to make will be badly seen for they know whom me or for the society.

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CPC System

The time of the human beings was in exaggeration with the time of the nature. Detected this, the deliberation was in the direction to create and to develop mechanisms to foment the production. Schools directed toward the development of the plantation techniques and reforestation appear, in this way. In the principle the schools take care of well what it is wanted, but immediately afterwards are saturated. It has been broken, then, for something more elaborated.

Facultieses, after-graduations, mestrados and doutorados appear. All the system if return for one only question: the necessity of if taking care of inside to the consumption of the lived deeply model: the burning of the forest if to have baked animals In a beautiful day it arrives somebody of another society and it suggests: why not to mount a churrasqueira? All this system that vocs had developed brings in itself a fallibity that it is nsita. With the churrasqueira, on the other hand, the burning of trees will be given only in the necessary amount for the consumption of the meat. All had been estarrecidos with the obviedade of what the foreigner says, but, thus, they had still been remained reticent, because they inturam that all the system would come below with the practical rank in of the idea coming of is! ' ' Ahead of this small fbula I place myself to think concerning the function of the Judiciary Power. Each time more I convince of that &#039 is a mechanism; ' without utilidade' ' , but that it is presented as one badly necessary one. One becomes necessary because it lacks respect. Then one third, other people’s one to the problems, is called to compose the question. if not only waits of these the third resolution of the problems inside of the limits of the right.

In some cases, as in the Family law, one wants exactly that magistrate is a psychologist and makes therapy the spurt. The order deduced in judgment was formatted to take care of to the preceituado one in articles 282 and 294 of the CPC, but, in the practical one do not pass of ' ' justicializao of afeto' '. Ahead of what it was displayed it remains to say that if each one to look for to walk inside of what it is stipulated to call ' ' ethos universal' ' the importance of the Judiciary Power will be minorada. This would be excellent. In the day where each one to give account of that he is author of proper history delegations to avessas had left to exist. Definitively we need to learn with the foreigner. We must use ' ' churrasqueira' ' before let us burn in them in a giant system that has spent much time alone to watch itself, from there the Corregedorias of Justice, the Advice of the Magistracy and now the National Advice of Justice. This agigantamento of the Judiciary Power has a price and is high. To each time that we delegate it prerogative to decide our questions to it, forgetting rules as common-sense and respect, we feed a great one been. It will be really necessary one ' ' super-leviat' '? It is the reflection

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Searching for Freedom

I only search the freedom, a way to feel me free, to be able to breathe to make everything without worrying me about nothing. But the fondness beyond takes in them to one where never we imagine to leave ' ' In the deep one what we want it is alone to search our peace. I want to be able to look at stops backwards and seeing the things good that I made, and to be able to learn with my errors, that for signal are many but they had always made that me to evolve. But which is the way for everything this? To open the arms and to say that we are free, we are happy? Which the secret of the true interior peace? to *Sorrir they say that it is better remedy, says then me because the people live crying to the one instead of smiling? The only certainty that I have is always to give value in the true friendships, therefore they can be the only remedy for all this monotony, called life! (Jhow).

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Freedom in Kant

The present article retraces the question of the freedom in Kant, who must be seen in the relation with the practical philosophy of the right. Therefore, it interests to need the concept internal and external freedom, relating the first one with the beginning of the autonomy, as well as the distinction between moral and right. Initially, to show that the freedom is a pure rational concept that if finds detached from the experience completely. Second, to emphasize that the freedom concept proves its existence through laws derived from the pure reason for efetivao of choices, that are deriving of practical principles. I will conclude that the freedom is basic point of all the kantiano system and condition of the moral law, and that the state in the quality of external freedom guarantees the coexistence of the individual freedoms.

Word-key: Kant, freedom, right, moral, state. Abstract: This article you tell issues of freedom in Kant, which must be seen in relation you the practical philosophy of law. Therefore, it is interesting you defines the concept of freedom internal and eXternal, relating you the first principle of autonomy well the distinction between morality and law. Initially, you the show that freedom is pure rational concept which is completely disconnected from the experience. Second, you emphasize that the concept of freedom you prove its existence by laws derived from pure reason will be the execution of choices, which ploughs derived from practical principles. Conclude that freedom is basic point of the entire system and condition of the moral Kantian law, and that the state the individual guarantor of freedom outside the coexistence of liberties. Key words: Kant, freedom, law, moral, state. 1 Introduction Of beginning, becomes necessary to stand out that the freedom is a pure rational concept, that is, this means that it meets detached from the experience completely.

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The Freedom

According to moralista Kant, the not only effective reason as power to decide, but also exerts its force on the will, wants imposing, wants constrangendo, wants coercing. The external freedom is basic condition so that the state can exert through the right the coercion of the individual will. The state has the function to guarantee the coexistence of the individual freedoms. In this context, when the state punishes the agent who if finds threatening the freedom of another one, removing it of the social conviviality, is glimpsed, a freedom annulling to another one, that is, the external freedom through the state, annulling the individual freedom (internal) of the agent. The legal law destines it rational beings that do not act of course in compliance with it, having in the corresponding categorical imperative its exemplary formula of execution.

The man is under the legal law in way that its freedom meets in the idea, submitted to the conditions of the external legislation, according to which the will of a man can be jointly coexistente with the will of another in agreement man a universal law. When conceiving, in the idea, the limits of the freedom of each man with regard to all the actions of its fellow creatures, reciprocal and mutually compatible between itself, Kant supply the intrinsic bedding of the right that legitimizes the physical coercion morally as motivation for the observance of the legal laws. As my freedom is of beforehand conditional the other people’s action, subsistindo each one of them morally for the convivncia of the external freedom according to universal laws, all coercion that if opposes to any one of my action, practised in disrespect to such conditioning, is not unjust. This means that the act coercitive, delimiting physically a external freedom to the scope where the freedom of action of each man meets in any morally conditional way for the categorical imperative right it, does not harm its free-will, no matter how hard it can affect its physicist.

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Treated TheologicalPolitician

Espinosa initiates its text of Chapter XX of its Treated one, showing that &#039 is not so easy; ' mandar' ' in the spirits as he is ' ' mandar' ' in the languages. Still in the first paragraph, Espinosa shows, that no matter how hard if wants, nor a man can subject completely to the power of outrem; no matter how hard he is subject to outrem, this will not go to hinder of that ' tal' man does not reason in the way that to want, and on what wanting. E, that no matter how hard some ' ' soberano' ' it obtains to overwhelm its subjects, the point of wanting to make with that the subjects according to admit to want of the sovereign what is correct and what is missed, will not go to freely obtain, to take off the freedom of the subjects to think freely and to give value judgment on what to want and when to want. Espinosa uses as Moiss example, that all opinion of the people conquered, but ' ' not by means of astcias but for divine virtude' ' – also it was surrounded by problems as – ' ' rumors and accidents interpretaes' '. However if Moiss did not obtain to escape of such problems ' ' with the aid of the virtue divina' ' , as other sovereigns could escape? Espinosa shows, that for greater that is the power of that interpreters of &#039 are considered; ' right and of piedade' ' , these cannot take off, and nor to prevent that the men judge the things according to its ' ' way of ser' ' to see the things. For Espinosa, nor a man can renounce its freedom to think on what wanting, therefore this freedom is one ' ' direito' ' nature superior; it does not have as the man to resign to this freedom – freedom is that it makes the man to think and to judge as to want.

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Female Politicians

On the other hand, the men very support badly the women whom they love grant the lesser sample of interest for other men; thus, however … Therefore, we see without effort that if the men and the women assumed the authority jointly politics, the peace if he would resent very at this permanent possibility Of conflicts. (Treated Politician, chapter XI) For Arthur Schopenhauer: ' ' The woman has intellectual myopia, its horizon is very small. The aspect of the woman only discloses that it is not destined to the great intellectual works, nor to the great material works. It has that to obey the man, to be a patient friend tranquilizes who it. What it makes the particularly apt women to take care of of us educating in them in first infancy, that same they continue being infantile, fteis and is limited of intelligence. They remain for all life great children. They do not see beyond what it is ahead of the eyes, they are fixed only in the gift, take the appearances for reality and they prefer the frivolidades the things most important.

What it distinguishes the man from the animal is the reason. Prisoner to the gift, is capable to come back to the past and to dream of the future; from there its prudence, its cares, its frequent apprehensions. A weak reason of the woman does not participate of these advantages nor of these incovenientes. The deep one of its heart, the women believe that the men had come to the world to gain money, and the women to spend it. … the nature did not give to the woman more than the dissimulation to defend themselves and to protect-se.' ' (The love, the women and the death). For Hegel the existing argument between a man and a woman is equal the one that has between an animal and a plant, being that the animal if identifies more with the skill of the man and plant if more molds as the aspect of the woman, therefore its progress is more pacato, leaving itself to take more for the sentimentalismo, will be in the command the State runs danger therefore, according to it, they in accordance with do not act the requirements of the grouping of people who are governing and yes as its state of spirit.

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