Immigration population, entry of a permanent or temporary residence of citizens of other countries. I. Mr. determined by a number of reasons: economic (Import labor or entry into the country with more favorable conditions of work or higher living standards, etc.), war (seizure of foreign lands and their military colonization) and political (an escape from political, ethnic, racial, religious and other persecution, the exchange between the national minorities States, etc.). I. Mr.

played a key role in the settlement of certain parts of the world and the formation of the population in many countries around the world. I. Mr. has a significant impact on population dynamics, and its demographic consequences caused not only by the number of migrants, but also the originality of their sex and age structure: a noticeable prevalence among persons in young and middle age, as well as men. I. Mr. leads to confusion between different ethnic groups, as a result of what constitutes a new identity and nationality.

I. Mr. characteristic of all historical eras. Enormous influence on the population of Eurasia had a migration that took place during the last two thousand years, such as the Great Migration of peoples in Europe (4-7 cc.) migration associated with the Arab conquests (7-8 cc.), with the expansion of the Turkic-Mongol (11-17 cc.). Age of Discovery (mid 1915 – mid-17 centuries.) initiated a broad development of intercontinental migrations, mainly from Europe to other parts of the world, especially in America and Australia. In the 20 century. rates of migration continues unabated, although the migration and acquire a wide range of cases of another aspect: the huge population movements associated with the two world wars; resettlement of more than 16 million people. caused by partition of British India into two independent states – India and Pakistan, migration-related the resettlement of Jews in Israel and the flight and expulsion of Arabs from there, etc. At the same time still remain significant migration for economic reasons. Wide scale after the 2-nd World War 1939-45 was immigration workforce in the developed countries of Western Europe (the number of immigrants reaches 8 million people, including in France – 3.4 million, Germany – 2 million, Switzerland – 1 million, or 16% of the population, etc .). Countries supplying immigrants: Spain, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, the countries of North Africa. 'Great Russian Encyclopedia "

| February 15th, 2012 | Posted in General |

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